Word Wall Words Definitions

Analyze: The breakdown of something that is complex into smaller parts in such a way that leads to a better understanding of the whole.
Background Research: refers to accessing the collection of previously published and unpublished information particular topic of interest and it is the first step of all good scientific investigations, as well as that of all writers of any kind of research paper.
Creative/Creativity: the ability to think up and design experiments, analyze data, solve problems in new ways, or develop an idea based on an original, novel, or unconventional approach
Data: Information, measurements and materials gathered from observations that are used to help answer questions.
Discover: find unexpectedly or become aware of
Empirical: scientific knowledge is based on and/or derived from observations of the natural world
Evidence: the data that helps prove or disprove a hypothesis/scientific theory
Experiment:  A test using observations and controlled variables to discover answers to questions, and/or to check a hypothesis
Goals of science: generate explanations of the natural world
Human endeavor: science is a human endeavor influenced by the society and culture in which it is practiced
Hypothesis: A testable explanation for observations and questions about the physical universe
Inference: possible explanation or guess about an observation
Invent: create or design, to make up
Investigation:  scientific investigation does not use controls or manipulation of variables, an investigation mainly collects data through observations
Law: A scientific law states a repeated observation about nature
Model: A scientific model seeks to represent empirical objects, phenomena, and physical processes in a logical and objective way.
Natural world: the material world, especially as surrounding humankind and existing independently of human activities.
Observation: recognizing and noting a fact to gather information about the world using our five senses
Phenomenon (Phenomena, pl.): A fact or situation that is observed to exist or happen, esp. one whose cause is in question.
Plausible*: Seeming reasonable or probable
Predictions:  guess about an outcome without prior knowledge
Repeated trials: the number of trials preformed during a scientific experiment, with the purpose of receiving a more accurate result (minimizing the effects of errors or outliers)
Scientific knowledge: knowledge accumulated by systematic study and organized by general principles
Scientific Theory: A causal explanation for generalized patterns in nature that is supported by much scientific evidence based on data collected using scientific methods Scientific questions.
Subjective/Subjectivity: Based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or opinions
Tentative: Not certain or fixed; scientific knowledge is subject to change with new observations and reinterpretations of existing observations
Variables: Something that can affect a system being examined, and is therefore a factor that may change in an experiment. **

**Further Clarification:

  • Dependent Variables what you measure in the experiment and what is affected during the experiment. The dependent variable responds to the independent variable.
  • Independent Variables the variable you have control over, what you can choose and manipulate. It is usually what you think will affect the dependent variable.

** Very important to convey to students